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Asset Class

An asset class is a collection of investments that share similar traits and are governed by the same rules and laws. Thus, the instruments that make up asset classes frequently exhibit similar market behavior. The most common asset classes are stocks, bonds and cash equivalents. Stocks, bonds, and cash equivalents are the three most popular asset classes.

The Different Types of Assets
The three most popular types of assets are stocks, bonds, and cash equivalents. In addition to these three, we find  real estate, commodities, futures, other financial derivatives, as well as cryptocurrencies.  Investment assets can be either physical or abstract things that investors buy and sell to make a profit in the short or long term.

Experts in the field of finance consider various types of investments to be distinct asset classes that can be employed for the aim of diversification. It is widely accepted that various asset classes will behave in distinct ways in response to varying market conditions, reflecting their own unique profiles of investment risk and return. Maximizing returns is a common goal of investors, and one way they achieve this goal is by spreading their investments across a wide variety of asset classes.

Financial advisors will assist clients in diversifying their portfolios by combining assets from several asset classes, each of which carries its own unique risk and cash flow characteristics. Diversifying your investments over a number of asset categories reduces your exposure to any one market fluctuation. Risk is mitigated and return prospects are improved by diversification.


Investment Type and Methodology
When making investments, those seeking alpha (trying to do better than index benchmarks) do so using tactics designed specifically to generate alpha returns. Strategies for investing can be developed around the pursuit of profit, preservation of capital, or any number of other goals that permit the selection of investments that best fit the investor's needs. Some analysts use indicators like price-to-earnings ratios and increase in earnings-per-share (EPS) to establish criteria. For some analysts, the asset class is more important than performance. Putting money into an asset that fits a certain profile is called a "asset class" investment. Therefore, similar cash flows can be expected from investments throughout the same asset class.

Forms of Assets
The most liquid asset classes and thus the most quoted asset types are equities (stocks), bonds (fixed-income instruments), cash or cash equivalents, and commodities. Real estate is one alternative asset type, and so are artwork, stamps, and other valuable items that can be sold for a profit. Alternative investments include hedge funds, VC funds, crowdsourcing, and cryptocurrency. While these asset classes might be less liquid, it  does not necessarily indicate a lower rate of return.

Use of different types of assets
Advisors use asset class as a way to help clients diversify their portfolios for maximum return. Diversifying your investments over a number of asset categories reduces your exposure to any one market fluctuation. It is widely accepted that various asset classes will behave in distinct ways in response to varying market conditions, reflecting their own unique profiles of investment risk and return.

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